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Time is of the Essence: Managing Your ERAS Application Timeline

If you are a medical student or a graduate planning to apply for a residency position in the United States, you must be familiar with the ERAS application timeline. ERAS stands for Electronic Residency Application Service, and it is the online platform that allows you to submit your application materials to residency programs of your choice. In this article, we will guide you through the ERAS application timeline for the 2024 application season and provide some tips and resources to help you manage your residency application process.

ERAS Application Timeline: Preparing for ERAS

ERAS application timeline for prospective medical residents in the U.S. It provides essential steps, tips, and resources to manage the application process effectively, from registration to interviews

The first step in the ERAS application timeline is registering for MyERAS, the application portal you will use to create and submit your applications to programs. You can register for MyERAS by obtaining a token from your designated dean’s office (or ECFMG if you are an international medical graduate). The token is a unique code to access MyERAS and is valid for only one application season. You can request a token starting from June 8, 2023.

Once registered for MyERAS, you can start working on your application materials, such as your statement, curriculum vitae, medical school transcript, USMLE transcript, letters of recommendation, and other supporting documents. You should start preparing these materials as early as possible, preferably before the application season, to avoid delays or errors. You should also ensure you have the correct documents and formats each program requires.

Another important step in preparing for ERAS is to research residency programs and create a list of programs that match your interests, qualifications, and goals. You can use various resources and tools to help you with this step, such as

  • The AAMC’s ERAS Tools and Worksheets for Residency Applicants include a program selection worksheet, a program comparison tool, and a program requirements list.
  • The AAMC’s Careers in Medicine website provides information and guidance on choosing a specialty, exploring career options, and applying for residency.
  • The AAMC’s FindAResident service, allows you to search for unfilled residency positions after the main residency match.

Submitting Your ERAS Application

Moving forward in the ERAS application timeline, you will submit your applications to programs. You can start submitting your applications through MyERAS on September 6, 2023. However, programs will not be able to view your applications until September 27, 2023. The deadline for submitting your applications is May 31, 2024.

When submitting your applications, you should apply smartly and strategically. Here are some tips to help you with this step:

  • Apply to a balanced mix of programs based on your competitiveness and fit. You should consider factors such as your USMLE scores, clinical experiences, research activities, personal statements, letters of recommendation, and program preferences. You should also consult with your advisors and mentors to get their feedback and advice.
  • Use the supplemental ERAS application data (if applicable) to indicate your interest and preferences for programs. The supplemental application data is an optional section of the MyERAS application that allows you to provide additional information about yourself, such as your geographic preferences, specialty preferences, dual training interests, and career goals. You can use this section to demonstrate your fit and commitment to specific programs or specialties.
  • Monitor your application status and communicate with programs as needed. You can check the status of your applications through MyERAS and see if they have been downloaded or rejected by programs. You can also update or withdraw your applications at any time before the application deadline. You should also respond promptly and professionally to any invitations or inquiries from programs.

Interviewing with Residency Programs

ERAS application timeline for prospective medical residents in the U.S. It provides essential steps, tips, and resources to manage the application process effectively, from registration to interviews

The final step in the ERAS application timeline is interviewing with residency programs. The interview season usually runs from October to January, but it may vary depending on the specialty and program. The interview format and expectations may also differ depending on the program and the pandemic. Some programs may conduct virtual interviews, while others offer in-person or hybrid options.

Regardless of the format, you should prepare and perform well in your interviews. Here are some ways to help you with this step:

  • Research the program and prepare relevant questions to ask. You should learn as much as possible about the program’s mission, vision, values, goals, curriculum, faculty, residents, and culture. You should also prepare some questions to ask the program director, faculty, and residents to show your interest and curiosity. You can use the AAMC’s Residency Interview Database to find sample questions and answers from various programs and specialties.
  • Practice your answers and delivery with mock interviews or feedback sessions. You should anticipate common questions and topics that will likely be asked in your interviews, such as your motivation, strengths, weaknesses, achievements, challenges, goals, and fit. You should also practice your answers and delivery with mock interviews or feedback sessions with your advisors, mentors, peers, or professionals. You can use the AAMC’s Video Interview Tool for Admissions (VITA) (if applicable) to simulate a virtual interview experience and receive feedback on your performance.
  • Dress appropriately and follow up with thank-you notes. You should dress professionally and appropriately for your interviews, whether they are virtual or in-person. You should also follow up with thank-you notes to the program director, faculty, and residents who interviewed you. You should express your appreciation, restate your interest, and highlight your fit.

To help you with the interview process, you can use resources and tips from the AAMC, such as

  • The AAMC’s Interview Resources for Residency Applicants include a webinar series, a video guide, a checklist, and a FAQ document.
  • The AAMC’s Interview Tips for Residency Applicants provides some dos and don’ts for preparing and conducting residency interviews.


In conclusion, the ERAS application timeline can be daunting, but with proper preparation and strategic planning, you can increase your chances of matching with your desired residency program. It is crucial to start early, research programs thoroughly, and tailor your application materials to showcase your strengths and fit. It is also essential to apply smartly, monitor your application status, and communicate effectively with programs. Finally, the interview season is an opportunity to demonstrate your passion, professionalism, and personality. By following these tips and utilizing the available resources, you can navigate the ERAS application process with confidence and success.
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