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Step-by-Step Guide to Varshika Shraddha Rituals

In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the intricate and sacred Varshika Shraddha Rituals, a significant religious practice observed by Hindus to honor and remember their departed ancestors. Varshika Shraddha, also known as Pitru Paksha or Mahalaya Paksha, is a period during which Hindus pay their respects to their ancestors by performing specific rituals and ceremonies. These rituals hold immense cultural and spiritual significance and are an integral part of Hindu tradition.

Understanding the Significance

What is Varshika Shraddha?

Varshika Shraddha is an annual observance in Hinduism that lasts for 16 days. It typically falls in the lunar month of Bhadrapada, which corresponds to September or October in the Gregorian calendar. During this period, Hindus believe that the veil between the living and the dead is thinner, making it an auspicious time to connect with their ancestors.

The Importance of Ancestral Worship

Ancestral worship is deeply ingrained in Hindu culture. It is believed that by performing Varshika Shraddha rituals, individuals can seek blessings, forgiveness, and guidance from their ancestors. It is also a way to ensure the departed souls find peace in the afterlife.

Step-by-Step Guide

1. Preparation

Before commencing the Varshika Shraddha rituals, meticulous preparation is essential. Here’s what you need to do:

  • Select Auspicious Dates: Consult a Hindu calendar to determine the exact dates for Varshika Shraddha, as they vary each year. These dates are based on the lunar calendar.
  • Arrange Necessary Items: Gather all the items required for the rituals, including rice, barley, sesame seeds, fruits, flowers, and sacred water.
  • Cleanliness: It is essential to maintain physical and mental purity during the rituals. Take a bath and wear clean clothes.

2. Setting Up the Pindas

Pindas are symbolic offerings made to the departed souls. Here’s how to set them up:

  • Kusha Grass: Spread kusha grass on a clean area. It acts as a sacred platform for the pindas.
  • Prepare Pindas: Make small rice or barley balls mixed with ghee and black sesame seeds. These represent the ancestors’ souls.
  • Offerings: Place the pindas on the kusha grass, and also arrange offerings such as fruits, flowers, and water.

3. Invocation and Prayers

  • Mantras: Recite appropriate mantras and prayers, seeking blessings from the ancestors.
  • Offering Water: Pour water on the pindas while uttering the names of your ancestors. This is believed to nourish their souls.

4. Feeding the Ancestors

  • Food Offering: Offer cooked food to the ancestors. This can include rice, dal, vegetables, and sweets.
  • Distributing Food: After the rituals, it is customary to distribute the food among Brahmins and other family members as a gesture of respect to the ancestors.

5. Donations and Charity

  • Donations: Giving to the needy is considered an essential aspect of Varshika Shraddha. Offer clothes, food, and other necessities to the less fortunate.

6. Tarpana

  • Offering Tarpana: Perform tarpana by offering water to the ancestors while reciting their names and seeking their blessings.

7. Completion of Rituals

  • Respect: Conclude the rituals with respect and gratitude towards the ancestors.
  • Cleanup: Clean up the area where the rituals took place and dispose of the offerings properly.


Varshika Shraddha Rituals are a profound expression of reverence and devotion to one’s ancestors. Similarly, if you want to learn about Griha Pravesh Puja, you can consult with 99Pandit. They provide an opportunity to strengthen the connection between the living and the deceased while seeking blessings and guidance from those who came before us. By following this step-by-step guide, you can perform these rituals with the utmost devotion and ensure that your ancestors find peace in the afterlife.

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