1. Avoid sunburn to avoid brown spots on the skin
They directly affect the dermis, representing a trauma for the skin.
Exposure to the sun is done gradually, starting just a few minutes daily. It is recommended to start exposure to UV rays in spring mornings when the sun is not strong.
Start with an exposure of 5 minutes and weekly increase the exposure time by 2-3 minutes.
This way you give the skin time to get used to it and to form an early protection mechanism you can also use Serum for dark spots.
2. Avoid uncontrolled exposure to the sun
Do not expose your skin to the sun, in the summer, during peak hours.
During this period, the UV index is very high and directly affects the dermis.
This is a common mistake, especially among bronze enthusiasts, and the repercussions will be seen in time.
3. Add antioxidants to your diet
Antioxidants are among the skin’s best friends, regardless of age.
Antioxidants have the role of eliminating free radicals and ending the oxidative stress caused by them.
The most powerful ones are found in fruits and vegetables, but some supplements help.
Below you will find a list of the most powerful antioxidants.
2. Hormonal causes that lead to the appearance of brown spots on the skin
In our body, there is a complex system of hormones, growth factors, and cytokines from epidermal cells, most of which are influenced by UVR, which affects skin pigmentation.
The melanin-stimulating hormone is controlled by the pituitary or pituitary gland.
When something does not work correctly at its level, hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation spots can appear on the skin, in a very short time. As a rule, they appear in just a few months.
Addison’s disease manifests itself on the skin with brown spots.
If you notice that more and more brown spots appear on your skin, consult an endocrinologist.
3. Problems of the Digestive System
One thing that is not often talked about when it comes to skin hyperpigmentation is the composition of the microbiome and the functionality of the digestive system.
The microbiome is also called by scientists the second brain and is composed of probiotics.
It is composed of bacteria, viruses, and fungi that reside in our intestines.
It includes around 100 trillion bacteria and up to now approximately 100,000 species have been discovered.
A healthy person has a microbiome made up of at least 400 species of bacteria, they vary from one individual to another.
The microbiome is a kind of fingerprint, that is unique for each individual.
Among the 400 species, about 340 of them are involved in various processes that help the body to function properly.
A 2013 study by the University of Copenhagen revealed that 15% of the people under study had approximately 40% less healthy bacteria in their intestines than would be necessary for optimal body functioning.
Moreover, they had more pathogenic bacteria (that create inflammation in the body) and less chance of positive bacteria to fight them.
You may be thinking what is the connection between this and the brown spots on the skin?
When brown spots appear on the skin, they are based on an inflammatory process, which can be caused by a sick digestive system.
The inability to absorb vitamin B3 or tryptophan through the digestive system can cause brown spots on the skin.
Freckles, in most cases, are genetic pigment spots.
They are more accentuated in the summer and fade in the winter, in the absence of strong sun rays.
You can easily keep freckles under control if you wear a wide-brimmed hat in the summer or if you use a Beauty cream with a daily protection factor.